Investigations by the expert on cases that are taking place in the proceedings of the pre-trial investigation body or the court on the basis of special phenomena containing information, data and facts about the circumstances of the case is a forensic examination. This type of examination has certain features - this is an indirect method of proof. The expert conducts research on the materials provided and gives an opinion on the ongoing case.
For conducting forensic examination are procedural documents provided by the legislation, this may be decisions or decrees on the appointment of this type of expertise, developed by the authorized state body of the person concerned. For conducting research by an expert, a legal entity or an individual, there is a written application or a letter from the mandatory list of issues to be considered and its details.
When conducting forensic examination, the data and facts can be established without the representatives of the court or investigator in the case, as the legislator has additional guarantees, in support of reliable and objective setting, additional procedural guarantees and facts for the expert on the case. Therefore, experts have additional professional functions without which it is not possible to establish the essence of the case. Issues of a legal nature to the decision of experts are not raised. Forensic examinations are divided into different types, classes and subspecies. This kind of expertise, however, broadly extends the possibilities of investigation in the case and the court, allows the use of new methods of research and widely apply them in forensic investigations.
Given the large number of lawsuits and cases before the court, forensic examination becomes an integral part of the legislative process. Therefore, when faced with a question, conducting a forensic examination you would be best advised to consult the experts of the Institute of Independent Judicial Expertise.